How To Disinherit Someone In Texas

Robert Ray

How To Disinherit Someone prior to 1991

Before 1991, you could not disinherit your heirs in Texas by stating that in your will. The only way to make sure that an heir did not inherit from you was to give all of your property to someone else in your will. As an old Texas Supreme Court ruling said ” . . . The right of the heir is defeated only by a substitution of some person to take in his place, and not by a declaration, or express intention, that he shall not take. Hence, though the heir is expressly disinherited, as if a man by his will should declare that his heirs or next of kin shall have no part of his estate, and not direct who shall have it, still the heir would take, not under the will, but under the law; for there must be in the will a devisee, to supplant the heir. . . . “. If the testator fails to make an effective disposition of his property to another, the property will pass to his heirs at law under the laws of intestate succession even though this might be against the testator‘s intention, however plainly manifested. That caused problems because sometimes people thought they were giving away all of their estate but, after their death, some mineral interest they didn’t know they had shows up when a Land Man appears trying to put together an oil & gas lease. If that mineral interest is not mentioned in the will, and it would not have been because the testator didn’t know he had it, and there was no residuary clause, the testator died intestate as to that mineral interest and it would go to the heirs who the testator did not want to receive anything. 564 SW 2d 202.

How To Disinherit Someone In Texas after 1991

All of the above was changed in 1991 with the enactment of Estates Code §251.002(b)(1) which allows a testator to disinherit an heir in the will. After the 1991 amendment, a testator can specifically disinherit an heir in his will so that no matter what happens, that heir will never inherit from the testator.

Why Is This Important Today

When title to property, especially mineral property, is being searched for new exploration, the oil companies need to make sure they are signing oil & gas leases with the correct owners. Every day in Texas, someone is contacted by an oil company about a mineral interest they didn’t know they owned. When a person died and how he disposed of his property in his will is relevant in determining the correct owners.

UPDATES

There are new cases all the time that clarify or change the law on inheritance disputes. Keep up-to-date by subscribing to our blog.

'

Subscribe

Recent Posts

Don’t Use Wills Found on the Internet

Don’t Use Wills Found on the Internet

The IssueIn a case out of the Fort Worth Court of Appeals, the issue was what power did the trustee have to distribute or not distribute assets of the trust.The beneficiaries of the trust sued the trustee to require him to distribute the assets to them. The trustee, a...

WHAT CONSTITUTES A SIGNATURE ON A WILL

WHAT CONSTITUTES A SIGNATURE ON A WILL

What constitutes a signature A holographic will is one that is wholly in the handwriting of the testator and signed by him. What constitutes a signature is often contested. Texas recognizes holographic wills but other states do not. The difference between a...

Precatory words in a Texas will

Precatory words in a Texas will

Precatory words in a Texas will What are precatory words? Precatory words are words that are a request or a desire. These are seen mostly in self-made wills. The problems with these words are:  do the words pass title? Examples of precatory words Occasionally, when...

INHERITANCE RIGHTS IN TEXAS—HOW TO OBTAIN THEM

Background Heirship proceeding are different from will contest. This article deals with getting property that is yours based on an inheritance. This may occur where a person dies without a will. It can also occur where there is a will but the will leaves property to...

The slayer rule doesn’t always apply

Texas Slayer Rule Recent UK case on the Slayer Rule The Texas Slayer Rule is different from other state's and countries' rule but has procedures to accomplish the same end result. See this discussion. The Texas Slayer Rule is a rule that court's use to prevent a...

The Author

Robert Ray

Robert Ray handles inheritance disputes of all kinds. He takes cases throughout Texas.
© Copyright 2022 | All Rights Reserved.

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This